Brokenspoke & Stage Coach Springs Ranch
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Common Ballistic Tables
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General Information about bullet trajectory and ballistics.

Firearms Tutorial

Rifle Ballistics Summary

By Chuck Hawks

This ballistics summary includes only the most common calibers. For an expanded version of this table showing a great many more calibers and loads including British, European, wildcat, obsolescent American and proprietary calibers, see the "Expanded Rifle Ballistics Summary" and the "Expanded and Improved Rifle Ballistics Table" on the Tables, Charts and Lists Page.

There are dozens of loads for any given bullet weight in any cartridge that will produce different velocity and energy figures. And different rifles seldom produce identical performance, even with the same load. So the figures in any ballistics table should be taken as approximate. Never-the-less, the table below gives a reasonably accurate comparison of the basic ballistics of most popular rifle cartridges.

The velocity and energy figures in this table are taken from various sources including the Federal, Remington, Weatherby and Winchester ammunition guides and the 9th Edition of the book Cartridges of the World by Frank C. Barnes and edited by M.L. McPherson.

In the table below bullet weight is given in grains, velocity is given in feet per second (fps) and energy is given in foot pounds (ft lb). General abbreviations used below are: MV (muzzle velocity), ME (muzzle energy), V (velocity), E (energy), yds (yards), Wb (weight of bullet). Abbreviations of bullet types are: SP (spire point), Sp (spitzer), BT (boat tail), HP (hollow point), FP (flat point), RN (round nose).



Cartridge (Wb + type) MV (fps) V @ 200 yds ME (ft lb) E @ 200 yds
.204 Ruger (33 BTSP) 4225 3025 1308 671
.22 Hornet (45 Sp) 2690 1502 723 225
.222 Rem. (50 Sp) 3140 2123 1094 500
.223 Rem. (55 Sp) 3240 2304 1282 648
.22-250 Rem. (55 Sp) 3680 2656 1654 861
.220 Swift (55 SpBT) 3800 2990 1765 1090
.223 WSSM (55 SpBT) 3850 3064 1810 1147
.243 Win. (80 Sp) 3350 2593 1993 1194
.243 Win. (100 Sp) 2960 2449 1945 1332
6mm Rem. (100 Sp) 3100 2573 2133 1470
.243 WSSM (100 Sp) 3110 2583 2147 1481
.240 Wby. Mag. (100 Sp) 3406 2882 2576 1844
.257 Roberts (120 Sp) 2780 2360 2060 1480
.25 WSSM (120 Sp) 2990 2484 2382 1644
.25-06 Rem. (120 Sp) 2990 2484 2382 1644
.257 Wby. Mag. (120 Sp) 3305 2801 2910 2091
.260 Rem. (140 Sp) 2750 2347 2351 1712
6.5x55 SE (140 Sp) 2600 2220 2100 1525
6.5mm Rem. Mag. (120 Sp) 3210 2778 2744 2056
6.5x68 S (140 Sp) 2990 2580 2779 2069
.264 Win. Mag. (140 Sp) 3030 2548 2854 2018
6.8mm Rem. SPC (115 Sp) 2800 2262 2002 1307
.270 Win. (130 Sp) 3060 2639 2702 2009
.270 Win. (150 Sp) 2850 2183 2705 1587
.270 WSM (150 Sp) 3150 2601 3304 2252
.270 Wby. Mag. (150 Sp) 3245 2823 3502 2655
7x57 Mauser (140 Sp) 2660 2260 2200 1585
7mm-08 Rem. (140 Sp) 2860 2402 2542 1793
.280 Rem. (140 Sp) 3000 2528 2797 1986
7mm Rem. SAUM (150 Sp) 3110 2563 3221 2188
7mm WSM (150 Sp) 3200 2648 3410 2335
7mm Rem. Mag. (150 SpBT) 3110 2751 3221 2520
7mm Wby. Mag. (150 SpBT) 3300 2896 3627 2793
7mm Ultra Mag. (160 Sp) 3200 2791 3637 2767
.30 Carbine (110 RN) 1990 1236 967 373
.30-30 Win. (150 FP) 2390 1605 1902 858
.30-30 Win. (170 FP) 2200 1619 1827 989
.300 Sav. (150 Sp) 2630 2095 2303 1462
.308 Win. (150 Sp) 2820 2288 2648 1744
.308 Win. (180 Sp) 2620 2198 2743 1930
.30-06 Spfd. (150 Sp) 2910 2342 2820 1827
.30-06 Spfd. (180 Sp) 2700 2250 2913 2023
.300 Rem. SAUM (180 Sp) 2960 2571 3501 2642
.300 WSM (180 Sp) 2970 2549 3526 2598
.300 Win. Mag. (180 Sp) 2960 2540 3501 2578
.300 Wby. Mag. (180 Sp) 3240 2826 4195 3193
.300 Ultra Mag. (180 Sp) 3250 2834 4221 3201
7.62x39 (125 Sp) 2365 1783 1552 882
.303 British (180 Sp) 2460 2020 2420 1625
.32 Spec. (170 FP) 2250 1630 1910 1000
8x57 JS (170 RN) 2360 1620 2100 995
.338-57 O'Connor (200 FP) 2400 1638 2558 1191
.338 Win. Mag. (225 Sp) 2780 2374 3860 2815
.340 Wby. Mag. (250 Sp) 2941 2553 4801 3618
.338 Ultra Mag (250 Sp) 2860 2443 4540 3314
.357 Mag. (180 HP) 1550 980 960 385
.35 Rem. (200 RN) 2080 1376 1921 841
.35 Whelen (200 Sp) 2675 2100 3177 1958
.350 Rem. Mag. (200 Sp) 2775 2186 3419 2122
9.3x62 (286 SpBT) 2362 1931 3544 2370
.375 H&H Mag. (300 Sp) 2530 1979 4262 2608
.375 Ultra Mag (300 Sp) 2760 2263 5073 3412
.378 Wby. Mag. (270 SP) 3180 2677 6062 4295
.416 Rem. Mag. (400 Sp) 2400 1962 5115 3419
.416 Rigby (400 RN) 2370 1890 4990 3130
.44 Rem. Mag. (240 FP) 1760 1114 1650 661
.444 Marlin (240 FP) 2350 1377 2942 1010
.450 Marlin (350 FP) 2100 1397 3427 1516
.45-70 (300 HP) 1810 1244 2182 1031
.45-70 (405 FP) 1330 1055 1590 1001
.458 Win. Mag. (500 RN) 2090 1650 4850 3025
.460 Wby. Mag. (500 RN) 2600 2037 7504 4605

Rifle Trajectory Table

By Chuck Hawks

For a much expanded version of this table showing a great many more cartridges and loads including British, European, wildcat, obsolescent American and proprietary calibers, see the "Expanded Rifle Trajectory Table" on the Tables, Charts and Lists Page.

In order to hit a distant target a rifle must be correctly sighted-in, and to accomplish that the shooter must have some working knowledge of the bullet's trajectory. Sighting-in a hunting rifle to hit a certain number of inches high at 100 yards (or 100 meters) maximizes the point blank range of the rifle and cartridge and is superior to zeroing at a fixed distance like 200 yards. This system maximizes the distance in which no "hold over" is necessary. Of course, the actual distance the bullet should hit above the point of aim at 100 yards (or 100 meters, which is about 108 yards) varies with the individual caliber and load.

The table below is designed to serve as a starting point from which a shooter can work. Used as such it can save a lot of trial and error experimentation. Of course, no trajectory table can possibly cover all loads for all calibers in all rifles. So after sighting-in, always check your individual rifle at various ranges to see how close its trajectory comes to the published data. (It may well vary.) This trajectory table can also serve as a comparative tool, allowing the reader to compare the trajectories of different cartridges or loads.

The trajectories in the table below were calculated for a maximum bullet rise of 1.5 inches above the line of sight for all small game and varmint loads, and three inches above the line of sight for all big game loads. In ballistics catalogs the point of maximum bullet rise is often called the mid-range trajectory, or sometimes the maximum ordinate. In the table below I used the term "mid-range trajectory," abbreviated "MRT."

A maximum bullet rise of 1.5 inches is appropriate for shooting small animals, as they present a small target, particularly if head shots are necessary. Allowing a greater mid-range trajectory might result in shooting over an animal at an intermediate distance.

A maximum rise of 3 inches is appropriate for hunting the smaller species of big game, creatures from perhaps 75 pounds to 150 pounds on the hoof, which typically have a kill zone of about 8 inches from top to bottom. More mid-range rise can be accepted when hunting larger animals (a 4 inch MRT might be appropriate when hunting mule deer, for example), but if a mixed bag hunt for larger and smaller species is envisioned, then the 3 inch rise used for this table is probably safer. A 3 inch MRT also allows for a little bit of human error, which is probably a good thing when shooting in the field.

The Maximum Point Blank Range (MPBR), which is shown in the last column of the table below, is the distance at which the bullet falls 3 inches below the line of sight. Thus between the muzzle and the distance given as the MPBR, the bullet never strays more than 3 inches above or below the line of sight (1.5 inches for varmint loads).

Most of the loads below are similar to popular factory loads for the selected cartridges. All trajectories were calculated for a rifle with a low mounted telescopic sight of moderate size whose line of sight is 1.5 inches above the bore axis of the barrel. If your scope is not 1.5 inches over the bore, and most scopes with oversize objectives require higher mounts, your trajectory will vary from those given below. All trajectory figures are rounded off to one decimal place. While environmental factors such as altitude and ambient air temperature affect trajectory, their effect is relatively minor. For the record, this table was calculated for an air temperature of 60 degrees F and an altitude of 1000 feet. The following data was taken from various sources including reloading manuals and the online Ballistics Calculator provided by BigGameInfo.

To save space, the following abbreviations are used in the table below: Wb = Weight of bullet (in grains); MV = Muzzle Velocity (in feet per second); BC = Ballistic Coefficient; MRT = Mid-Range Trajectory; yards = yds.; inches = "; MPBR = Maximum Point Blank Range; BT = Ballistic Tip; FP = Flat Point, HP = Hollow Point; RN = Round Nose; Sp = Spitzer; SP = Spire Point; SSp = Semi-Spitzer.


Cartridge (Wb@MV) Bullet BC 100 yds. 200 yds. MRT@yds. MPBR (yds.)
.17 HMR (17 SP at 2550) .123 +1.5" -5.5" 1.5"@100 165
.204 Ruger (33 BT at 4225) .185 +1.1" +1.0" 1.5"@150 275
.22 LR (40 HP at 1255) .100 -3.0" -40.9" 1.5"@45 90
.22 WMR (40 HP at 1910) .100 +0.5" -19.0" 1.5"@65 123
.222 Rem. (50 Sp at 3140) .220 +1.4" -0.4" 1.5"@118 222
.223 Rem. (45 Sp at 3550) .167 +1.4" +0.2" 1.5"@130 235
.223 Rem. (55 SP at 3240) .235 +1.4" +/- 0" 1.5"@120 230
.22-250 Rem. (55 SP at 3600) .235 +1.3" +0.6" 1.5"@135 254
.220 Swift (55 SP at 3800) .235 +1.2" +0.9" 1.5"@140 264
.223 WSSM (55 SP at 3800) .235 +1.2" +0.9" 1.5"@140 264
.243 Win. (80 Sp at 3350) .255 +1.3" +0.2" 1.5"@125 237
.243 Win. (100 Sp at 2960) .351 +2.6" +1.9" 3"@140 283
6mm Rem. (100 Sp at 3100) .351 +2.5" +2.2" 3"@150 296
.243 WSSM (100 Sp at 3100) .351 +2.5" +2.2" 3"@150 296
6x62mm Freres (100 Sp at 3300) .351 +2.4" +2.5" 3"@150 312
.240 Wby. Mag. (100 Sp at 3400) .351 +2.4" +2.6" 3"@160 322
.257 Roberts (120 Sp at 2780) .391 +2.7" +1.6" 3"@125 271
.25 WSSM (120 Sp at 2990) .391 +2.5" +2.0" 3"@145 291
.25-06 Rem. (120 Sp at 2990) .391 +2.5" +2.0" 3"@145 291
.257 Wby. Mag. (120 Sp at 3305) .391 +2.4" +2.5" 3"@155 317
6.5x55 (140 Sp at 2645) .435 +2.7" +1.2" 3"@125 260
.260 Rem. (140 Sp at 2750) .435 +2.7" +1.6" 3"@125 271
6.5mm Rem. Mag. (120 Sp at 3210) .433 +2.4" +2.5" 3"@150 312
6.5x68 S (140 Sp at 2990) .435 +2.6" +2.1" 3"@150 294
.264 Win. Mag. (140 Sp at 3100) .435 +2.5" +2.3" 3"@150 303
6.8mm Rem. SPC (115 Sp at 2800) .325 +2.6" +1.3" 3"@130 267
.270 Win. (130 Sp at 3140) .416 +2.5" +2.4" 3"@150 305
.270 Win. (150 Sp at 2900) .481 +2.6" +2.0" 3"@138 287
.270 WSM (150 Sp at 3150) .481 +2.5" +2.4" 3"@150 311
.270 Wby. Mag. (150 Sp at 3245) .481 +2.4" +2.6" 3"@160 320
7x57 (140 BT at 2660) .485 +2.7" +1.3" 3"@125 264
7mm-08 Rem. (140 BT at 2860) .485 +2.6" +1.9" 3"@140 285
.280 Rem. (140 BT at 3000) .485 +2.6" +2.2" 3"@150 298
7mm SAUM (150 Sp at 3110) .456 +2.5" +2.3" 3"@150 305
7mm WSM (150 Sp at 3200) .456 +2.4" +2.5" 3"@150 314
7mm Rem. Mag. (150 Sp at 3110) .456 +2.5" +2.3" 3"@150 305
7mm Wby. Mag. (154 SP at 3260) .433 +2.4" +2.5" 3"@150 317
7mm Ultra Mag (160 Sp at 3200) .475 +2.4" +2.5" 3"@150 314
.30 Carbine (110 RN at 1990) .144 +2.8" -8.2" 3"@85 171
.30-30 Win. (150 FP at 2390) .268 +2.9" -0.6" 3"@110 225
.30-30 Win. (170 FP at 2200) .304 +2.9" -1.8" 3"@105 211
.300 Sav. (150 BT at 2630) .435 +2.8" +1.2" 3"@125 259
.308 Win. (150 BT at 2800) .435 +2.7" +1.7" 3"@135 275
.308 Win. (180 Sp at 2610) .483 +2.8" +1.2" 3"@125 259
.30-06 (150 BT at 2910) .435 +2.6" +2.0" 3"@145 287
.30-06 (180 Sp at 2700) .483 +2.7" +1.5" 3"@125 269
.300 SAUM (165 Sp at 3075) .410 +2.5" +2.3" 3"@145 300
.300 WSM (180 Sp at 2970) .483 +2.6" +2.2" 3"@150 294
.300 Win. Mag. (180 Sp at 3070) .483 +2.5" +2.3" 3"@150 303
.300 Wby. Mag. (180 Sp at 3250) .483 +2.4" +2.6" 3"@155 320
.300 Ultra Mag (180 Sp at 3250) .483 +2.4" +2.6" 3"@155 320
7.62x39 (123 Sp at 2365) .292 +2.9" -0.5" 3"@110 225
.303 Br. (150 Sp at 2723) .411 +2.8" +1.5" 3"@130 267
.32 Spec. (170 FP at 2250) .297 +3.0" -1.3" 3"@105 215
8x57JS (200 Sp at 2650) .426 +2.8" +1.2" 3"@125 260
.325 WSM (180 Sp at 2975) .394 +2.6" +2.0" 3"@140 289
8x68 S (150 Sp at 3300) .369 +2.4" +2.5" 3"@150 316
.338-57 O'Connor (200 FP at 2400) .200 +2.9" -0.3" 3"@110 214
.338 Win. Mag. (200 BT at 2960) .414 +2.6" +2.1" 3"@150 289
.340 Wby. Mag. (250 Sp at 2941) .473 +2.6" +2.1" 3"@150 291
.338 Ultra Mag (250 Sp at 2860) .473 +2.7" +1.9" 3"@140 285
.357 Mag. (158 FP at 1830) .158 +2.7" -10.5" 3"@85 163
.35 Rem. (200 RN at 2080) .180 +2.9" -5.1" 3"@93 186
.35 Whelen (200 Sp at 2700) .295 +2.8" +1.0" 3"@125 254
.350 Rem. Mag. (200 Sp at 2775) .295 +2.7" +1.3" 3"@125 260
9.3x62 (270 SSp at 2550) .361 +2.8" +0.7" 3"@125 247
.375 H&H Mag. (270 SP at 2690) .380 +2.7" +1.3" 3"@130 260
.375 Ultra Mag (300 SP at 2800) .398 +2.7" +1.7" 3"@125 273
.378 Wby. Mag. (300 Sp at 2935) .398 +2.6" +2.0" 3"@140 285
.416 Rigby (400 RN at 2400) .316 +2.9" -0.1" 3"@115 231
.416 Rem. Mag. (400 RN at 2400) .316 +2.9" -0.1" 3"@115 231
.44 Rem. Mag. (240 FP at 1760) .165 +2.6" -11.6" 3"@75 159
.444 Marlin (240 FP at 2350) .165 +3.0" -2.6" 3"@100 203
.450 Marlin (350 RN at 2100) .189 +3.0" -4.5" 3"@100 189
.45-70 (300 HP at 1800) .197 +2.7" -9.2" 3"@85 166
.45-70 (405 FP at 1330) .214 +1.3" -22.9" 3"@65 131
.458 Win. Mag. (500 RN at 2100) .295 +3.0" -2.9" 3"@100 200
.460 Wby. Mag. (500 RN at 2600) .295 +2.8" +0.6" 3"@116 246
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